Architectural drawings and View projection: How views work to communicate design



Architectural drawings communication the design intent of a building, with the use of view projection.

View projections allows the architectural design of a building to be analysed in multiple views. Drawing shown on a flat plane are called orthographic views.

Mulitview or orthographic drawings illustrate the design in two-dimensional projection or flat plane. The most commonly used are:

  • Top view
  • Front view
  • Side view
  • The advantage of using multiview drawing, is to show one detailed face of an object or building at a time.

    Understanding Pictorial or 3D views

    3D also known as three dimension is mode in which drawing are viewed in three axes or plane.

    These types of drawing illustrate the lenght, height, and depth of an object or building hence revealing the overall picture of the design.

    This form of Architectural design is known as pictoral drawings. Pictorial drawing are divided into catagories

  • Axonometic
  • Oblique
  • Perspective
  • Sub-catagoris of Axonometric

    Axonometric is sub divided into:

  • Isometric
  • Dimetric
  • Trimetric
  • Sub-catagories of Oblique

    Oblique is sub divided into:

  • Cabinet
  • Cavalier
  • Sub-catagories of Perspective

    Perspective is divided into

  • One point
  • Two point
  • Three point
  • Prior to the 1990's achitectural design professional occasionally implemented this method into the design of an object or building.

    Today, design professionals are able to efficiently produce 3D models of an object or building with CAD softwares which uses parametric technology.

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