G definitions - Building Terms Dictionary



G definitions - Do you know architectual drafting or building terms starting with the letter "G"?

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Gable:
The triangular wall beneath the end of a gable roof.

Gable Roof:
A roof consisting of two opositely sloping planes that intersect at a level ridge.

Gable Vent:
A screened,louvered opening in a gable, used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from an attic.

Galling:
Chafting of one material against another under extreme pressure.

Galvanizing:
The application of a zinc coating to steel as a means of preventing corrosion.

Gambrel:
A roof shape consisting of two superimposed levels of gable roofs with the lower level at a steeper pitch than yhe upper.

Gasket:
A dry,resilient material used to seal a joint between two rigid assemblies by being compressed between them.

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Gauge:
A measure of the thickness of sheet material.

Gauged Brick:
A brick that has been rubbed on an abrasive stone to reduce it to a trapezoidal for use in a arch.

Gauging Plaster:
A gypsum plaster formulated for use in combination with finish lime in finish coat plaster.

General Contractor:
A contractor that has responsibility for the overall conduct of a construction project.

Geotextile:
A synthetic cloth used beneath the surface of the ground to stabilize soil or promote drainage.

GFRC:
Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

Girder:
A horizontal beam that supports other beams; a very large beam, especially one that is built up from smaller elements.

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Girt:
A horizontal beam that supports wall cladding between columns.

Glass Block:
A hollow masonry unit made of glass.
Glass Fiber Batt:
A thick,fluffy,nonwoven insulating blanket of filaments spun from glass.

Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Concrtet (GFRC):
Concrete with strengthening admixture of short alkali-resistant glass fibers.

Glass mullion system:
A method of constructing a large glazed area by stiffening the sheets of glass with perpendicular glass ribs.

Glaze:
A glassy finish on a brick or tile;as a verb, to install glass.

Glazed Structural Clay Facing Tile:
A hollow clay block with glazed faces,usually used for constructing interior partitions.

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Glazier:
One who installs glass.

Glazier's Points:
Small pieces of metal driven into wood sash to hold glass in place.

Glazing:
The act of installing glass, installed glass; as an adjective,referring to materials used in installing glass.

Glazing Compound:
Any of a number of types of mastic used to bed small lights of glass in a frame.

Glzing Luminous Efficacy:
the visible transmittance of glass devided by the shading coefficient.

Glue-Laminated Timber:
A timber made up of a large number of small strips of wood glued together.

Glulam:
A short expression for glue-laminated timber.

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Grade:
The surfaceof the ground; to move earth for the purpose of bringing the surface of the ground to an intended level or profile.

Grade Beam:
A reinforced concrete beam that transmits the load from a bearing wall into spaced foundations such as pile caps or caissons.

Grain:
In wood,the direction of the longitudinal axes of the wood fibers, or the figure formed by the fibers.

Granite:
Igneous rock visible crystals of quartz and feldspar.

Groove Weld:
A weld made in a groove created by beveling or milling the edges of the mating pieces of metal.

Ground:
A strip attached to a wall or ceiling to establish the level to which plaster should be applied.

Grout:
A high-slump mixture of portland cement,aggregates, and water, which can be poured or pumped into cavities in concrete or masonry for the purpose of embedding reinforcing bars and/or incrasing the amount of loadbearing matrial in a wall; a specially formulated mortarlike material for filling under steel baseplates and around connections in precast concrete framing; a mortar is used to fill joints between ceramic tiles or quarry tiles.

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Gunnable sealant:
A sealant material that is extruded in liquid or mastic form from a sealant gun.

Gusset Plate:
A flat steel plate used to connect the members of a truss;a stiffener plate.

Gutter:
A channel to collect rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof.

Gypsum:
Hydrous calcium sulfate.

Gypsum Backing Board:
A lower-cost gypsum panel intended for use as an interior layer in multilayer constructions of gypsum board.

Gypsum Lath:
Small sheets of gypsum board manufactured specifically for use as a plaster base.

Gypsum Plaster:
Plaster whose cementing substances is gypsum.

Gypsum Sheathing Panel:
A water-resistant, gypsum-based sheet material used for exterior sheathing.


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